I Can’t Remember: Living with Cognitive Deficits in MS – Brain Fog

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I Can’t Remember: Living with Cognitive Deficits in MS – Brain Fog

MS is an autoimmune disease where the immune system attacks healthy brain cells causing cognitive deficits or brain fog. This can lead to problems with memory, thinking, and learning. For many people, living with the cognitive deficits of Multiple Sclerosis is a challenge and they often feel isolated and alone.

What is Multiple Sclerosis?

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory condition that affects nerve pathways in the brain and spinal cord. In MS, the immune system attacks the protective sheath (myelin) that surrounds nerve fibers. This can lead to damage or destruction of the nerve fibers themselves, which interferes with the transmission of nerve signals. The result is a wide range of symptoms, including cognitive deficits or brain fog.

People with MS often experience problems with memory, thinking, and learning. They may find it difficult to concentrate or focus and may have trouble organizing their thoughts. They may also have difficulty recalling information or making decisions. In addition, people with MS may feel tired and sluggish, and they may have difficulty completing tasks.

Living with cognitive deficits can be challenging. It can be difficult to keep up with everyday tasks when you are constantly struggling to remember things or focus your attention. However, there are ways to cope with these challenges. Here are a few tips:

  • Make a list of things you need to do each day, and try to stick to it as closely as possible.
  • Break down big tasks into smaller steps, and make a plan for how you will complete them.
  • Try to get organized and keep your environment as clutter-free as possible.
  • Take breaks frequently throughout the day, and make sure to get enough sleep at night.
  • Seek out support from family and friends, or join a support group for people with MS.

There is no easy solution for managing cognitive deficits in MS, but these tips can help you get started. Be patient and don’t give up – with time and perseverance, you can learn to live well despite your diagnosis.

Cloudy Mind
Cloudy Mind

What do Cognitive Deficits feel like?

Brain fog can be difficult to describe because it can mean different things to different people. For some, it may feel like they are in a haze or a daze, and for others, it may feel like their thoughts are muddled or confused. In general, brain fog refers to a feeling of mental disorientation and confusion. It can be frustrating and overwhelming, and it can make everyday tasks seem much more difficult than they should be.

If you are experiencing brain fog, don’t feel like you are alone. Many people with MS struggle with cognitive deficits. However, there is help available. There are strategies you can use to cope with brain fog, and there are also support groups available where you can connect with other people who understand what you are going through. Don’t give up – with time and perseverance, you can learn to live well despite your diagnosis.


Brain fog can affect a person’s memory in several ways. Sometimes people with brain fog may forget recent events, appointments, or words. They may also have difficulty concentrating and focusing on tasks. As a result, these people may feel isolated and alone, as they struggle to cope with the challenges that come along with cognitive deficits.


Living with cognitive deficits in MS can be very challenging. One of the most common problems that people experience is a loss of concentration. This can make it difficult to focus on tasks, follow conversations, and remember things.

There are a few things that you can do to help manage this problem. First, try to focus on one task at a time. Break down larger tasks into smaller steps, and focus on completing one step at a time. Second, make sure to take regular breaks. When you’re taking a break, step away from whatever you’re doing and give yourself a few minutes to relax. Finally, try to stay organized. Keep your workspace and living space tidy, and make sure to keep track of important dates and appointments.

Woman Fighting MS MS Warrior
Woman Fighting MS


Forgetting words can be frustrating and embarrassing. It can make it difficult to communicate with others and complete everyday tasks. Sometimes, people with cognitive deficits may forget common words that they use all the time. This can make it hard to have a conversation or to remember what they were just talking about.

It is important to find ways to cope with the frustration of forgetting words. One way to do this is to keep a list of common words that you tend to forget. You can carry this list with you wherever you go, and use it as a reference when you need help remembering a word. Another way to cope with forgetting words is to come up with mnemonic devices or tricks to help you remember them. For example, if you are trying to remember the word “apple,” you could think of the phrase “An apple a day keeps the doctor away.” This will help you remember that the word for apple is “apple.”

It is also important to stay positive and have hope that things will get better. Cognitive deficits can be frustrating, but they are not permanent. With time and patience, many people find that their cognitive deficits improve over time.


Brain fog can impair the ability to process visual and spatial information. This can make it difficult to complete tasks that require these skills, such as reading, writing, and driving. People with brain fog may have trouble following directions, remembering things, and concentrating.

They may also have a hard time judging distances and orienting themselves in space. These challenges can make everyday activities difficult to manage and can lead to feelings of isolation and frustration. There are steps that people can take to help cope with cognitive deficits in MS, such as using assistive technologies, adapting work methods, and seeking support from family and friends.


Brain fog can definitely lower your self-esteem. When you’re constantly struggling to remember things or feel like you can’t think as clearly as you used to, it’s easy to feel like you’re not good enough. You might start to feel like you’re not really living life, but just existing in a haze. This can be really discouraging and can make you feel down about yourself.

There are a few things you can do to help boost your self-esteem when you’re dealing with cognitive deficits. First, try to be kind to yourself. Accept that this is something you’re dealing with and don’t punish yourself for it.

Second, focus on the things you CAN do, rather than the things you can’t. You are still the same person, despite your brain fog, and you have lots of strengths and abilities.

Finally, reach out to others. Talk to your friends and family about what you’re going through, and find support from other people who understand what you’re going through.

The Stress and Anxiety of Cognitive Deficits
The Stress and Anxiety of Brain Fog

What causes Cognitive Deficits in Multiple Sclerosis?

Multiple sclerosis damages myelin, disrupting the flow of nerve signals in the central nervous system. This can lead to a wide variety of problems, including cognitive deficits known as Brain Fog. Brain Fog can cause problems with memory, thinking, and learning. For many people, living with cognitive deficits is a challenge and they often feel isolated and alone.

Brain lesions

Brain lesions are one of the main features that can be seen on an MRI scan of someone with MS. These lesions are areas of damage to the brain that are caused by the disease. They can occur anywhere in the brain but are most commonly found in the cortex, white matter, and deep grey matter.

The location, number, and size of brain lesions can vary from person to person. Some people have only a few small lesions, while others may have many large lesions. The number of brain lesions will affect the severity of MS that a person experiences.

Most people with MS will eventually develop brain lesions, although their appearance on an MRI scan may not always be indicative of the severity of the disease.

Try learning something new

The brain is an incredibly plastic organ that can change and grow throughout our lives. This means that we can learn new skills even in old age, and this ability can help to build new neural pathways in the brain. When it comes to cognitive deficits, learning new skills can be a great way to help improve memory, thinking, and learning abilities. It can also help to boost mood and self-esteem.

There are many different ways to learn new skills, and what works best will vary from person to person. Some people enjoy learning in a classroom setting, while others prefer more hands-on learning activities. There are also many online resources available for those who want to learn something new. The important thing is to find an activity that you enjoy and that challenges you. You should also make sure that you are practising the skill regularly so that you can see the best results.

A Healthy Breakfast for the Cognitive Deficits of MS Brain Fog
A Healthy Breakfast

Lifestyle Changes with Cognitive Deficits

There are several lifestyle changes that can help people living with cognitive deficits in MS. One of the most important is to maintain a healthy diet. Eating nutritious foods can help keep your brain healthy and functioning properly. It is also important to stay physically active, as exercise can help improve cognitive function.

Another important change is to make sure you are mentally stimulated. Challenging your brain with new activities and tasks can help keep it healthy and functioning well. This can be anything from learning new skills, such as a new language, to doing crosswords or Sudoku puzzles. 

Keeping your mind active and engaged is an important part of keeping your brain healthy.

Finally, it is important to maintain social connections. Spending time with friends and loved ones can help reduce feelings of isolation and loneliness. These relationships can provide emotional support and social stimulation, both of which are crucial for maintaining mental health.


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